Digital Artefact Review #1- ‘The 5th Wave’ by Rick Yancey

The following post is a copy of my first review on Grace’s and my Amazon profile (under the nickname ‘The Pun Brigade’, click here to check out our other reviews) about Rick Yancey’s novel which has become a recent movie: ‘The 5th Wave’. Click here to check out Grace’s website and for her movie reviews.


Here is my first book review:


Having read this book just recently, I thought making a review on it would seem suitable enough. So, let’s look at the plot (SPOILER ALERT):

‘The 5th Wave’ focuses on main character Cassie Sullivan in a post-apocalyptic world caused by the invasion of an alien race nicknamed ‘The Others’. In the prologue (though hinted) and throughout the novel, it is revealed the Others invaded Earth around twenty years previous by ‘uploading’ their minds into unborn children- once the children reached a certain age, their conscious would be absorbed by the Others’ and they would physically be human but mentally have the knowledge and training of the Others.

Earth had previously been attacked in four waves when we first meet Cassie- an EMP strike, natural disasters, infection and the ‘invasion’ of Others hunting humans. As the novel progresses Cassie meets Evan Walker, who agrees to help rescue her little brother Sam who was kidnapped by Others preparing an army of children who are to be the 5th Wave by convincing them the humans are infected by some kind of an alien brain parasite.

Evan is revealed to be an ‘Other-Human’, though he still wants to help Cassie because he loves her and Cassie rescues her brother along with the help of her high-school-crush-previously-thought-dead Ben Parish (the novel jumps between Cassie’s perspective and later on Ben’s perspective, where it is revealed he was originally infected with the ‘Red Death’ the Others created but was then healed and trained to be part of the 5th wave). Evan sacrifices himself and blows up Camp Haven- the base where the children were being trained –and Cassie escapes with her brother, Ben and several members of Ben’s military squad.


I’m not normally one to read let alone be interested with all the ‘alien invasion’ stories, but … I. Loved. This. Book. Everything kept me captivated and wanting more- the characters, the action, the plot twists … I loved them all!

I do not normally feel for the main character(s) in any way because they are set up as the ‘bitchy’ one- where the author writes them in a way that they are too passionate about what they believe is right that they just ultimately become a hateable character. Cassie Sullivan is not a character that you’d love to hate. While I did question Cassie’s immediate trust in Evan (regardless of how hot he is portrayed) I loved how we come to understand Cassie’s intentions through her flashbacks- reminiscing everything that happened up until Yancey first introduces her to us. I found that it worked very well to Yancey’s favour to write about her killing somebody first, then write about her past- a little moment of ‘What the *bleep* is she doing?’ which is ultimately replaced by sobbing uncontrollably in a corner over the loss of her parents and former life. Unlike the portrayal of many other characters from previous books I’ve read, I felt more empathy towards Cassie because of this amount of detail that Yancey wrote about her past.

I also felt that I connected with Cassie because she still felt- even though she would sleep beside her M16 and never lose sight of it like it was her baby –like the awkward girl. Even when she first met Evan, her first thoughts were self-conscious of how she looked, showing that even when the world around her changed she still maintained those aspects of her past life- an almost yearning to want things to be normal if she continued to act like herself (cue crying in corner once more). Everything from her writing in a journal of all her memories even to the moment when she meets the Crucifix Soldier, there is a pause of thinking humanely and wondering if killing is the right thing regardless of an alien apocalypse.

Yancey writes in two different forms: highly detailed and deep in thought, or quick, fast-paced and straight into the action. And in the context of which scenes he’s writing about at the time, the pacing is absolutely brilliant. Swapping from Cassie’s contemplative thinking of existence to the fast-paced battles of Ben proved very intriguing; there was no pause for boredom, confusion or sense of disconnection between reader and book. Especially when he wrote in detail- I had to put the book down when reading about how Cassie’s mother died from the ‘Red Death’ because it was so detailed I felt really disgusted (in the good reading-a-book-gives-me-goosebumps kind of way).

And, let’s not forget, the Others. The goddamn Others. Like I said, I’m not one to be interested in alien invasion stories- but the Others were written up so damn well. Yancey spiced things up by making it that the Others invaded way back when and the second they did attack it was in the most simplest ways- a tall pole (basically) over tectonic plates, a disease, an EMP strike. Yancey made the Others cunning- they understand the way the Earth turns, what makes a human tick and use it against them.

All in all, this book was absolutely amazing and I would highly recommend reading it- even if you aren’t a sci-fi fan or a huge ‘alien-invasion enthusiast’, get reading!




Our Digital Artefact- What’s helping us Achieve Our Goals?

Grace and I will be composing a series of book and movie reviews on our profile under the name ‘The Pun Brigade’. Grace will be writing the movie reviews while I will be writing the book reviews. In these reviews, we will be looking at:

  • Character creation
  • Plot and story setup (if the story ‘flows’ or ‘makes sense’); and, as an added bonus
  • Movie-to-book and book-to-movie comparisons: not ‘which one is better’, but rather which one better portrays the characters and will help in the audiences understanding of the story

For our digital artefact, we’ve observed 10 different sources and have made various short summaries on what to do and what not to do when creating our digital artefact. These are those sources and summaries:


Source 1: Amazon

This is our main site for our digital artefact- it is where we publish our finalised reviews. will be used for inspiration and guidance- we can observe other reviews on the same book and collaborate this information with our own as well as investigate how we can set out our own reviews so they are understood. Reading other reviews is also helpful so we can try to avoid ‘repeating’ what others have said about the same movie or book. The only problem with Amazon is you do not need to have read/seen let alone purchased the book/movie to make reviews, so few of these reviews may be inaccurate.


Source 2: IMDb

IMDB will be helpful for us to observe the differences and similarities between book and movie reviews. It will also help us in figuring out how to critique the movie in a similar way to the book to avoid the issue of being biased. IMDb is both critic and audience-based reviews, we will be able to observe critics opinions on the movies and compare them to the audience opinions for more insight on what key factors are noticed in movies between the two groups. However, they are very wordy and long being at least two paragraphs or more- we hope to make ours at least a paragraph long.


Source 3: Goodreads 

Goodreads is a prime source for ‘what (not) to do’ when writing movie-book comparisons. There are some strong reviews on a variety of books; something I’ve noticed is when it comes to book-movie comparisons there some bias towards one or the other- e.g., the book-to-movie reviews on The Devil Wears Prada focused more on Meryl Streep’s performance in the movie rather than character depictions. This is what we do not want to do- we’re hoping to limit the general sense of bias within our reviews. Some of the Goodreads reviews are also ‘clunky’, they continue on about the book and in the end the true meaning is lost.


Source 4: 7 Tips for Writing a Film Review

A ‘How to’ series of 7 dot-points on how to write film (and book) reviews. With these points in mind, we can be more careful when writing and publishing- for example spoilers, where this suggests to avoid using spoilers unless you give the audience a heads up first. The first 5 dot points will be very useful and handy as a guide to organise the writing style of our reviews; in the case of the last two dot points, they focus more on the actual cinematography of the movies- this will be used in our ‘movie only’ reviews as they will not be a main focus in our book-to-movie reviews.


Source 5: Cinema Sins

A YouTube series of short summaries on a variety of movies from an audience perspective. These summaries are not entirely focused on the creation and production of the movies but rather on the plot and character development. For entertainment value some small comments of dry humour are added. These are helpful in understanding the small pieces of information that audiences pick up on while watching a movie. While we may not comment on movies in this particular way (as they focus more on the negative views of movies), this will be interesting to observe what the audience sees and what they notice in movies that do not make sense.


Source 6: The Writing Center at UNC Chapel Hill- Book Reviews

A more formal source that delves into what exactly a review is- very informative on the components of a review and how book reviews are all about perspectives despite their similar qualities. It also presents a couple of examples of what these perspectives can entail when the same book is reviewed by three different people, along with some notes as to why these specific audience members might have this view on the book. It is very interesting to observe what features stand out the most to a specific reader based on their background and experiences.


Source 7: Rotten Tomatoes

Similar to the IMDb source, Rotten Tomatoes is useful in observing reviews on certain movies. Unlike IMDb, Rotten Tomatoes is more ‘critic based’ and is a shortened, more formal series of reviews than IMDb’s longer audience based ones. These reviews are at least one sentence in length and some of these reviews simply make a statement of whether the movie was good or not. This proves as a problem because, due to the length and vagueness of these reviews, it’s hard to understand exactly what features of the movie did not work and caused confusion.


Source 8: Watch Mojo

An informal series of YouTube reviews similar to the style of the previous source ‘Cinema Sins’- where Cinema Sins focuses more on plots, characters and negative factors of the movies that made them hard to understand, Watch Mojo focuses more on the design and layout of the actual film. While these series are usually in a ‘comparison’ or ‘top ten’ setup, their reasoning behind why will be very informative on understanding their reasoning behind their opinion and what exactly ‘worked’ within the movie. Same with Cinema Sins, we will not be entirely focused on comparisons of movies or negativity towards the movie to prevent bias.


Source 9: What Not to Do- ‘The Book is Almost Always Better than the Movie’: Barnes and Noble

This blog post focuses on the features that differ between movies and their book counterparts, explaining that through the short storytelling of movies some audiences do not ‘receive’ the full story compared to reading the book. They also include examples of how movies have their own effect of added suspense- e.g. Jaws and how the audience never sees the shark. Despite all this, the overall topic of the article is that ‘books are better’. While we will focus on aspects the movie possess compared to the book and what connections the audience have to them, ‘comparative dominance’ of one over the other will not be established within our comparative reviews.


Source 10: Book Journey Blogs

A series of blog posts based on ‘Book vs. Movie’ explained in short summaries- one paragraph each for both book and its movie counterpart. One of these examples I looked at was one on a book I myself am interested in reviewing- If I Stay by Gayle Forman –and how the author felt the movie brought out more emotion because of its visual imagery and how it was easier to understand. Before each argument, the author writes a brief synopsis of what the story entails before diving into the differences and similarities. The problem with this source is the summaries are too short, with the author briefly stating she liked it or not and sometimes focusing on one version more than the other in her reviews.


Thank you for reading! If you would like to check out our progress on our digital artefact, click on this link to check out Grace’s site where a copy of each review should be posted as an individual blog. Speak to you soon!


The Branches of the Storytelling Tree

I can’t make any promises, but I’m going to try my best to not ‘nerd out’ in this blog … Who am I kidding, let’s do this!


So, transmedia narratives. What is that?
Ever heard of Star Wars? Lightsabers, Jedis’, The Dark Side and the whole ‘I am your father’ shebang? It’s the highly popular movie series with two trilogies and a third trilogy set in the making about fights in outer space in a galaxy far far away… Only, it is not simply a movie series is it? What about the game Lego Star Wars? Or the T.V series The Clone Wars? That, in its simplest form, is what transmedia narratives basically are.
Transmedia storytelling is the process in which multiple stories are told through multiple media platforms- through this, a wider range of audience and response can be achieved. It can also allow a form of connection between the audience members. Each platform of the story that is created forms its own standalone storyline that contributes to a larger narrative. For example, the Walking Dead; the T.V series story takes a similar appeal to the graphic novels it is based off of, but some aspects are different; and both novel and show are contrastingly different to the plot of Telltale Games’ app and Xbox game ‘The Walking Dead’- which features new characters, a new plot and more interactivity and reaction from the audience through the decisions of the players affecting the gameplay and storyline.



But they are still based in the same world as the show and novel ‘The Walking Dead’! This, in its entirety, is the basis of transmedia storytelling- audience participation and multiple stories on multiple platforms that ultimately form a larger story.

T.V Show poster (left) and Game poster (Above)


transmedia narratives
Now, let’s talk about Pokémon- in case you’re unsure what that actually is, Pokémon is a highly popular Japanese Nintendo game series for children through to young adults where they catch, train and breed ‘Pokémon’- creatures that you can use to battle other competitors both in-game or online. In case you still have no idea what I’m talking about … Pikachu- you’re bound to know Pikachu yeah? That’s a Pokémon.

Anyways, Pokémon has branched out onto a variety of media platforms, extending past the Nintendo DS: there are Pokémon movies, T.V. shows, battle cards … Even Youtuber duo Smosh have made a series of videos titled ‘If Pokémon were real’. Each possess their own individual stories and characters, yet focus on the same world. A notable platform about Pokémon currently, is their latest addition ‘Pokémon Go’. Pokémon Go is a new app audience members can download onto their Apple or Android product and gain a ‘real life experience’ of the traditional Pokémon games, where they ‘find’ Pokémon out in the world and ‘catch’ them via their device.
Pokémon Go is a prime example of transmedia storytelling and how it is a fully participatory occurrence between audience individuals. Through this notion of downloading the game onto your phones and incorporating it into your surroundings, audiences can actively participate with the media platform and gain a new experience and perspective on the original DS series.


That’s all for this post, talk to you soon!


For more information on transmedia narratives and Pokémon Go, check out these sites:


Check out for one of Smosh’s videos and more!
‘Pokemon in real life’



Digitalisation- the Craft of the Future?


It’s no big surprise that the media is in a constant state of evolutionary change- if it wasn’t, I wouldn’t be writing anything. But today, I will be looking more at the media and its constantly evolving form between the analog and the digital remediation.

Today, the boundaries between creator and viewer are ‘breaking down’ in the sense that; new waves of creators are being formed through the dialogic nature of the internet (where everyone has easy access to practically everything- check out my previous blog and this site for more info on dialogic media) and that audiences are now able to interact more with the digital media through the remediation of the analog. Because of this, the boundaries between production (the creation) and conception (the idea) are also, in a sense, breaking down.

The prezi that is linked above is a series of brief summaries I’ve written up about the remediation of the analog and the digital, along with a couple of examples of how craft and content is being dramatically changed by the digital media and its new creators: these examples being live streamer xMinks and the ‘humanoid robots’ being created in Japan.


Thank you for reading and I’ll speak to you soon!



Check out these sites for more information on xMinks and the humanoid robots:

Our Digital Artefact- Book-to-Movie


Okay, for our digital artefact, Grace (click here to check out her site!) and I will be doing a collective series of reviews for This was brought about by our passion for reading and we thought this would be a great idea to express our thoughts and opinions on books we have read or are willing to read in the future.

Each of our reviews will be quick summaries of what we ultimately think of the book- we will do a quick summary of each plot (of course, notifying any and all spoilers we may slip into them) along with our own opinion on the books’: plot, characters, etc. … Also- as an added bonus –if any of these books have been turned into a movie (or are a movie turned book) we will also add in a comparison between book and movie: and saying, not which one is better, but which one to read/watch first to get a better view of the story and its characters!


All reviews will be available for viewing on both Grace’s website (link above) and via our Amazon profile; more details soon to follow.

If you have any recommendations for what we should review; comment on either the reviews present on Grace’s site or comment on this blog post and we shall see what we can do!


This is going to be a really fun and exciting experience for us and we’d love for you guys to join in on our little reviewing adventures!






All for One and One for All

Everyone wants to be heard- this is the one major(ly annoying) trait that we all possess, no matter your gender, age, culture, etc., everybody wants somebody to listen to them. This (on media platforms) has resulted in the common occurrence of media users not only listening or observing information, but they are creating their own information.

Hence, the topic of this blog- Passive consumers, active participants and what is truly considered as ‘journalism’.

Will you be me audience

Media audiences used to be ‘passive consumers’- the simple act whereupon the individuals of the audience would do no more than view or listen to any media content that was shown to them (for example, you can’t do much else when watching television except for watching the screen). However, the encouragement of ‘active participants’ within an audience has increased rapidly in recent times as media platforms have evolved- this means that not only are we consumers of the media, but we can also now be producers of media: or ‘prosumers’.

The internet is what is called dialogic– meaning that anyone can broadcast any message directly, and that gatekeepers (that normally manage and maintain any content produced) are weak or non-existent. With this, groups of individuals or a singular individual can produce their own opinions through media content- giving access to any and all who are willing to view or listen to this content, hence the ‘All for One and One for All’ method: one person to many or many people to one. An example of dialogic media that encourages ‘active participants’ are the social media giants that we are commonly exposed to on a daily basis- Twitter, Facebook and YouTube.


Through social media platforms similar to that of the Twitter or Facebook style of posting, tweeting and commenting, audiences are actively engaging with what they see or hear almost instantaneously. This is a rapid process because of the privacy of the audiences identity- they say whatever they want through these medias because of their anonymity, thus, in turn, encouraging activity of audiences through the written (or typed) word. Similar to me writing this blog- I write my opinion, others read said opinion and then comment their opinion based on what is read or seen. It’s a never-ending process of opinions and comments! <- check out for more on the drone footage!

Above, you will find footage captured from a drone that was uploaded onto YouTube in June 2013. The drone captured footage of the police clash that occurred in Taksim Gezi Park in Istanbul on the 11th June 2013. Something to consider: is this a form of journalism? Potentially, they have captured footage and are actively posting it onto a media platform- which in turn encourages activity in audiences to form an opinion on the situation. This is also an example of how audiences are dependent on the internet for information and news on situations around the world.


An interesting question was brought up during my lecture about this topic- seeing as audience members are becoming more active and are producing their own news; are we seen as journalists because of our comments, blogs or even tweets? And this was asked, ‘If someone was killed- if they’re seen as a journalist through active participation –does that mean we are killing journalism? For example, the drone mentioned before was shot down- so if it was recording for journalistic purposes …

Was journalism ‘ultimately’ killed?




For more information, check out these sites:

The Media Giant


media owns us

The media is- as stated many times before –one of the biggest technological advances within our modern day society. It is a social giant for any and all audiences that are exposed to it- providing information and entertainment to everyone.

But where does all this information come from? And is any of it true? And … the biggest question of them all …

Does the media control us?

The answer is, abso-friggin-lutely.

Although we may not be aware of it- the media has the most powerful form of control over its audiences. The media not only gives information through television programmes, internet sites or newspaper articles- it has the dominant power to influence our thought process and how we speak, act or even how we interpret our surroundings. It is, in its own sense, influential on the public audience and its behaviour.

But the media is more ‘controlling’ than it is ‘influential’. As I mentioned, the media is highly dominant on our thoughts and opinions- we are easily persuaded into believing what we hear from the media because we have the assumption that it is ‘factual and true’ because it’s on the internet. This is not the case, some media and social media giants are very controlling over what is seen by the public and what is actually allowed to be shared to and from individual members. This proves a problem in the reliability of the information gathered, as one person has their perspective and manipulates the audience to follow through with what is said.

In this photo below is a portrait of Milly Dowler:

Milly Dowler.PNG

^Article of Milly Dowler from ‘The Guardian’

Unfortunately, in 2002, Milly was murdered and her case was difficult to track. Why was it difficult to track? Because a branch of media owned by head honcho Rupert Murdoch- News of the World -hacked onto the 13-year-olds phone- this resulted in the deleting and misplacing of essential messages that would’ve led to the criminal responsible for the murder of Milly. News of the World even admitted to hacking into Milly’s phone, leading to a public outcry and News International closing the Sunday tabloid in 2011- nearly ten years after Milly’s death! Potential evidence towards the case was ultimately lost due to these interferences of the media ‘wanting a story’.

The media is a super-giant of privacy invading stories- which cause numerous complications to the reliability of any and all information exposed to us!

So rule number one when reading your next newspaper or Buzzfeed article-

Make sure that it is reliable!



For more information on the Milly Dowler case, check out these two sites:


Do You See What I See? -Signifiers and the Signified: What is Shown and What is Thought


Blog post 2

Above, you can see there are two images of the same scene; one is taken from the front, and the other is taken from behind. Consider the first half of the image- this represents the signifier; what is shown to you. Obviously you can see a young, innocent-looking girl and the older, angrier man- that is the signifier, it is nothing more than what is depicted within the image; what is visually shown to an audience. The other half, represents the signified; the hidden meaning of the image and the individual interpretations that the audience possess towards the signifier. In the signifier (first half), you see an innocent girl and an angry man; however, despite the overall ‘appearance’ of the signifier, the meaning behind it can be something else entirely. In this case, the signified (second half) is that the girl is armed and her innocent nature is ‘shattered’, while the man is harmless and seen as more of an approachable figure than what is depicted in the first half.

Both halves overall form a text– the combination of both the signifier (what is seen) and the signified (what is interpreted) within a visual piece (i.e. image, video, etc.).

So why am I telling you this? Why am I showing you an image and talking about signifiers, the signified and the meaning behind texts?

Because it is all important in how we interpret various mediums- for example, we can all look at a tree and still see a tree; but we all have a different opinion on that tree.

Get what I mean? It’s all about … wait for it … personal perspectives! Some signs- such as the stick figures on bathrooms for ‘male’ or ‘female’ –are interpreted similarly by individuals because we are raised with the idea of that sign and the message of it is ‘common’. However, other texts (such as advertisements, movies and photos) are interpreted based on the individual’s personal, ideological interpretation- though some opinions may be similar to another’s, not all ideologies will be alike due to the individual reactions based on each person’s life experiences. This is important in how the media can influence us in our perspectives, thoughts and reaction towards certain mediums based on our personal experiences.

Take a look at this image here:

controversial ad

What is the first thing you think when you see this image? Anger? Fear? Sadness? Mutated hand? Well, the first thing I think is that saying, ‘Sticks and stones’, and how completely wrong it is. The context behind this image is that it was used in a campaign that was for the protection, awareness and prevention of verbal abuse towards women. The signifier in this image, is that the man has a hand reaching out of his mouth to grab the woman’s hair in a rough and harmful manner. The man looks aggressive, while the woman is terrified.

My perception on this, is that more women need to be aware that words can hurt people, and I feel that I should be protective towards those who are suffering or have experienced this kind of abuse- because no matter how many times people say ‘It’s not even a form of abuse’, or ‘Well you know that saying, why should words hurt anybody?’, based on my individual experience and my exposure to events like this, I feel that it is all wrong and that it is a problem that we need to prevent.

What about you? Do you see what I see?


The Battle of the Ages- Apple vs. Android

Quick! Tell me which one you think is better? Apple or Android? You have to pick one right now!

Got an answer? Good, so ask yourself this: Why do you prefer Apple over Android? Or why do you prefer Android over Apple? What is it exactly that makes you choose this specific phone?

As for me, I honestly do not care which is better- they both serve a purpose as a platform for the public, and the choice of preference (in the end) is all up to the user’s desires.


This meme I created is a take on the famous LOTR meme, expressing the opinions, that many of the public have, over how they prefer Apple over Android and how (for lack of a better term) aggressive these arguments can get over the simple question of ‘which is better’. Many of the public agree that Apple is better, because it’s ‘innovative’ or ‘looks better’. But this is not the case- it doesn’t matter which platform is the ‘good guy’ or the ‘bad guy’, nor is it about the features of the platform either. In the end, what we should focus on is the accessibility of these products and the individual preferences of the users.

The first thing everyone notices about Apple products, is the appearance of the device- anybody talking about Apple will first mention the apps that can be downloaded or the way the device looks. In reality, not many people who possess an iPhone will be aware of the IOS operating systems and the devices limitations. Apple’s IOS system is a closed source: this means that the Apple company have complete control over the platform and content, and have a very strict set of guidelines- customisation within the public is very limited. The Apple IOS system, is also only compatible with Apple devices, unlike the Android where the flow of content spans across multiple platforms. Other limitations that Apple device itself possesses, is the limited memory space on the device and the situation of the enclosed battery.

Android, on the other hand, was created in response to this as an open platform; meaning, that the system is generative- customisation is free for control by the public! Google has no complete control over the platform, content and user, nor does it have any control over the kind of apps that can be run; unlike the IOS system, where the apps have to first be approved. Despite Apple being the more ‘user-friendly’ device and its popularity and sales being based on the look of the device, Android marketing is significantly higher than that of Apple’s due to Android’s free access and easy manipulation of its system. It is also highly popular, because of its PC-like characteristics, it’s free flow of content across multiple products (not just Android-based) and there are no restrictions (unlike iTunes) to put music onto the device.

Regardless, whether you prefer IOS or Android is strictly up to you- everything about these systems still all comes down to the user’s preference. That is all I have to say for this topic- and I’m going to end it with the age-old question that started all of this.

Which do you prefer? Apple or Android?



Protecting the Innocence of Children and Youths

The ‘online generation’, the generation of Facebook, Twitter, Xbox, Tinder and many more media platforms- that’s my generation. I’d be lying if I said I never grew up with any media influences, we’ve all played ‘Crash Bandicoot’ at some stage in our lives. But what about the children today, would they be considered the same as me when I was a child? When I was seven I played Pokémon, and ten years later my cousin is now seven and has an iPhone.

We were born in a world where we are exposed to the media at such a young age, and each and every one of us has been growing up ‘online’. Over the past few years, the media has evolved to greater lengths and we have access to any and all content, which makes life easier doesn’t it?

Unfortunately, one of the most recent parental anxieties about the media is the loss of innocence and naivety of youths when exposed to the media. Violence, cyber-bullying, sexting, cyber-stalking … all of these factors and more are being exposed to youths, and some are having an influence on their behaviour. But who is really to blame?

Let’s look at Facebook- a highly popular form of social media where anybody can make a free account and maintain a presence online. But there lies the problem- it’s so easy to create an account! Although the ‘recommended age’ for Facebook is 13, many young individuals can easily create an account and pose as a 20-year-old. Same for media platforms like YouTube, you can claim you’re 18 and have unrestricted access to anything the media offers. Not only this, but there is no limit to how many accounts you can create, for example you could have one account where you’re Eliza, and another where you’re Natasha! This then provokes the notions of cyber-stalking, sexting and cyber-bullying, because ‘nobody can find out who I really am’.

On the flip-side of youths creating fake accounts, the biggest issue with social media and youths, is the naivety of youths and how trusting they are of social media. <- click here to check out more!

In this YouTube social experiment, a man got the permission of three girls’ parents to add them on Facebook and claim he was 15. He then arranged to meet them in person, and all three girls agreed to do so. In these circumstances, where the child begins trusting the media platform, many parents are so quick to judge that it’s the media’s fault for not properly protecting their children from these attacks on their innocence. However, in the last scenario of this video, the mother clearly says “We watch the news about this together“.

Because the media is easy to access, so many individuals are quick to blame the media for the lack of protection for their children, because it’s easier to blame someone else for their/their child’s mistakes than to find the real cause.

What do you think? Is it the media’s fault? The parents’ fault? Or is it the fault of the child?

Thank you for reading!